Presentation Title

Assessing Mental Health Outcomes in an Urban Population Following a Traumatic Experience

Presentation Type

Poster

Keywords

interpersonal trauma, CRIES 8, GAD 7, PHQ 9, ACES, low-income, post traumatic stress, anxiety, depression

Department

Psychology

Major

Psychology

Abstract

Poverty can be seen as an antecedent for community and interpersonal violence, leading to community members internalizing or even externalizing their experiences. These actions or behaviors could be detrimental to their mental health. An assessment measure would need to capture the nuanced nature of traumatic experiences in the low-income urban population. This study adopts the Child Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES 8) measure to a battery of measures to assess the impact of interpersonal trauma with low-income urban populations in the Los Angeles County area. Working in collaboration with the community mental health agency, Luminarias Institute Inc, data was collected at the beginning of the participants’ treatment with their therapist (N= 130) and were referred for services due to experiencing various interpersonal traumas. Demographic information, trauma assessment scores, anxiety and depression scores were used to validate the CRIES 8 for youth and adults. To assess the type of interpersonal trauma a participant has experienced, the Adverse Childhood Experiences Scale was used. The progress measures used in the study to validate the adapted CRIES 8 measure are the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 and Patient Health Questionnaire 9, which assess anxiety and depression, respectively. We hypothesize that participants with elevated anxiety and depressive scores will be more at-risk to posttraumatic stress symptoms, which would be reflected accurately by the CRIES 8. Multiple regression and multivariate analyses were utilized to process the data and assess posttraumatic stress susceptibility. Linear regression analyses show above-average anxiety and depression scores are predictors for increased CRIES 8 scores. Therefore, the progress measure scores would validate the efficacy of the CRIES 8 for the intended participants.

Faculty Mentor

Thomas Martinez

Funding Source or Research Program

Academic Year Undergraduate Research Initiative, Not Identified

Location

Waves Cafeteria

Start Date

25-3-2022 2:00 PM

End Date

25-3-2022 3:00 PM

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Mar 25th, 2:00 PM Mar 25th, 3:00 PM

Assessing Mental Health Outcomes in an Urban Population Following a Traumatic Experience

Waves Cafeteria

Poverty can be seen as an antecedent for community and interpersonal violence, leading to community members internalizing or even externalizing their experiences. These actions or behaviors could be detrimental to their mental health. An assessment measure would need to capture the nuanced nature of traumatic experiences in the low-income urban population. This study adopts the Child Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES 8) measure to a battery of measures to assess the impact of interpersonal trauma with low-income urban populations in the Los Angeles County area. Working in collaboration with the community mental health agency, Luminarias Institute Inc, data was collected at the beginning of the participants’ treatment with their therapist (N= 130) and were referred for services due to experiencing various interpersonal traumas. Demographic information, trauma assessment scores, anxiety and depression scores were used to validate the CRIES 8 for youth and adults. To assess the type of interpersonal trauma a participant has experienced, the Adverse Childhood Experiences Scale was used. The progress measures used in the study to validate the adapted CRIES 8 measure are the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 and Patient Health Questionnaire 9, which assess anxiety and depression, respectively. We hypothesize that participants with elevated anxiety and depressive scores will be more at-risk to posttraumatic stress symptoms, which would be reflected accurately by the CRIES 8. Multiple regression and multivariate analyses were utilized to process the data and assess posttraumatic stress susceptibility. Linear regression analyses show above-average anxiety and depression scores are predictors for increased CRIES 8 scores. Therefore, the progress measure scores would validate the efficacy of the CRIES 8 for the intended participants.