Lydia Hansell


This study examined the ethical behavior of supervisors as perceived by their supervisees. One hundred eleven predoctoral psychology interns completed a web-based survey assessing their perceptions of practicum supervisor lapses in behavior across multiple supervision domains. Participants also answered questions about the impact that perceived ethical lapses of best practices and/or ethical violations had on the supervisory alliance. Survey results indicated that up to three-quarters of participants had perceived at least one ethical lapse of best practices by their previous supervisor. The most frequently reported areas of supervisor non-adherence to ethical standards were: direct observation of clinical work, e.g., live supervision, monitoring of client progress, use of familiar treatments, and use of a supervision contract. The results were consistent with previous studies of ethical practice in supervision (Wall, 2009) and highlight the need for continued study of how ethical guidelines are understood and applied in the practice of clinical supervision. Implications for training in clinical supervision as well as recommendations for future research are discussed.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Dissertations (PsyD) -- Psychology; Psychology students -- Study and teaching; Psychologists -- Professional ethics

Date of Award


School Affiliation

Graduate School of Education and Psychology



Degree Type


Degree Name


Faculty Advisor

Shafranske, Edward;