The following is a quantitative study of the effects of hybrid course offerings on student sense of belonging and satisfaction at a commuter campus. The study employed the following independent variables: gender, age, race, class standing, GPA (which was self-reported), marital status, number of children, employment status, number of hours worked per week, number of hybrid courses taken, and 2 dependent variables (sense of belonging and satisfaction). The study found no significant difference in sense of belonging and satisfaction among students in either the hybrid or face-to-face modalities. Other findings found that students with children exhibited a negative relationship between number of children and perceived faculty support/comfort as well as a negative relationship was between number of children and perceived classroom comfort in both hybrid and face-to-face modalities. This study also includes recommendations for additional studies to explore possible interventions to increase students sense of belonging and satisfaction.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Dissertations (EdD) -- Learning technologies; Blended learning; Motivation in education -- Evaluation; College students -- Attitudes

Date of Award


School Affiliation

Graduate School of Education and Psychology



Degree Type


Degree Name


Faculty Advisor

Sparks, Paul;