In order to support the 21st century learning initiatives facing California K-12 educational agencies--including the influx of mobile devices, common core standards, online high stakes testing, and student privacy--an educational organization must employ a well-trained, knowledgeable, and effective technology leader. The California Educational Technology Professionals' Association's (CETPA) Chief Technology Officer (CTO) Mentor Program certification provides assurance that the chosen technology leader has been exposed to, is familiar with, has a working knowledge of, and can apply the leadership, educational, and technology skills necessary to be a successful technology leader. The purpose of this mixed method study was to identify the extent to which differences exist before and after candidates' completion of the CETPA CTO Mentor Program with regard to their perception of effective technology leadership in California K-12 educational organizations. A second purpose of this study was to identify the degree to which CETPA CTO candidates perceive the program's learning activities to be a relevant and effective means of mastering the program's learning objectives. The third purpose of this study was to identify the degree to which CETPA CTO graduates perceive the program's learning activities and objectives are relevant to their on the job performance. This study was conducted through the lens of Kirkpatrick's Four Levels of Program Evaluation. The findings from this study suggest that the CTO Mentor Program provides a course of study that is relevant to the technology leader in K-12 educational agencies, meets the needs of adult learners, and provides a return on investment for the learner, his or her educational agency and the sponsoring organization, CETPA.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Dissertations (EdD) -- Organizational leadership; Educational technology -- California; Educational technology -- Study and teaching; School administrators -- Training of; Education -- Effect of technological innovations on

Date of Award


School Affiliation

Graduate School of Education and Psychology



Degree Type


Degree Name


Faculty Advisor

McManus, John F.;