Clinical supervision serves as the indispensable heart of clinical training and professional development (Falender & Shafranske, 2004). While it is expected that clinical supervision be of high quality, some events or experiences may occur in clinical supervision that strain the supervisory alliance, hinder the supervisee's growth, and contribute to a poor experience of supervision, adversely affecting its effectiveness. A Q-sort methodology was used in this study to examine the opinions of five directors of clinical training regarding the impact of 50 counterproductive experiences (CEs) in supervision. The results suggested that each of the CEs drawn from the literature was believed to have an impact on supervision; however, events involving a failure to address the needs of the supervisee were opined to have the greatest potential for significant negative effects on the process of supervision. The findings of this study point to the significant role counterproductive experiences play in clinical supervision; the findings additionally contribute to the development of the Counterproductive Experiences in Supervision scale (CES).

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Dissertations (PsyD) -- Psychology; Clinical psychologists -- Supervision of; Clinical psychology -- Study and teaching

Date of Award


School Affiliation

Graduate School of Education and Psychology



Degree Type


Degree Name


Faculty Advisor

Shafranske, Edward;