The purpose of this study is to examine the correlation between participation in middle school athletics and academic achievement and how this relationship may be impacted by gender and ethnicity. Scores from the cumulative California Standards Tests of 6th thru 8th graders were gathered and evaluated. The data used were from past years' scores that the school district provided for the researcher. The hypotheses formed were that a positive relationship could be found between middle school athletics participation and academic success. The participants in the study were students in 1 California middle schools located in Southern California. A literature review was completed on the history of athletics, those who support participation of students in school athletic programs, and others who have found a negative correlation between the two. An analysis of variance of a specified sample was completed using SPSS. A positive relationship between test scores and participation in school athletics would allow for schools and parents to take these results into account when considering scheduling, finances, and curriculum development.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Dissertations (EdD) -- Organizational change; School sports -- California; Sports for children -- Evaluation; Education, Elementary -- California -- Evaluation

Date of Award


School Affiliation

Graduate School of Education and Psychology



Degree Type


Degree Name


Faculty Advisor

Schmieder-Ramirez, June;