Na DuFollow


Child sexual abuse in China has a lower prevalence than in Western countries. Due to its conservative culture, child sexual abuse has been a hidden topic, resulting in children suffering from mental health problems since there was no proper treatment or intervention. The objective of the current study was to explore the estimated prevalence of child sexual abuse in China, its long-and short-term psychological effects, and culturally appropriate treatment for those who experienced sexual abuse. The aim of this study is to inform the professionals with knowledge, skills, and techniques to treat those with mental health problems caused by sexual abuse. Method: This study will use the systemic review to synthesize all peer-reviewed Chinese and English articles published between 2000 and the present to extract relevant information to inform the practice. Result: From the included 23 articles, the prevalence of child sexual abuse varied and ranged from 0.6% to 33.5%. The findings for the prevalence of boys and girls were mixed since some studies reported a higher prevalence among boys, and some had a higher prevalence among girls, while other studies reported mixed results. In terms of the prevalence of perpetrators, this study only found that the male perpetrators had a higher prevalence. Those who went through different types of sexual abuse endorsed different long- and short-term psychological symptoms and disorders, but there were no culturally appropriate clinical treatments available except recommended sex education and completion of Child Human Rights and Protection Laws. Conclusion: some Chinese children and adolescents went through different types of sexual abuse. They endorsed some psychological symptoms and distress, but culturally appropriate treatments are lacking. It is imperative to research some culturally appropriate treatments and approaches to treat those struggling with mental health conditions due to child sexual abuse. The limitations of this study are that there will be translation errors since Chinese articles are included. Some culturally related terms in the original language may not have corresponding terms in English. In addition, cultural elements regarding treatment were not fully addressed. Finally, the prevalence of child sexual abuse in rural and urban areas was not reported. The contribution is that this study synthesized all the literature to inform professionals about the status of child sexual abuse among Chinese children, including current prevalence, the long and short-term affect of sexual abuse, and the status of treatment.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Child sexual abuse--China; Cultural appropriation; Ethnology--China

Date of Award


School Affiliation

Graduate School of Education and Psychology



Degree Type


Degree Name


Faculty Advisor

Thema S. Bryant-Davis

Included in

Psychology Commons