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The identification of conduct disordered children, that is, those children who are susceptible to becoming delinquent, is the first necessary step that must be undertaken if society's efforts to control a spiraling crime rate are to be successful. It is the authors' underlying premise that since the traditional approaches to rehabilitation have proven ineffective, it is incumbent upon the various state legislatures to become receptive to new methods and programs designed to prevent delinquency. The distinguishing feature of these alternatives would be early intervention and treatment. Admittedly, the authors note, many of these programs are experimental and based on the product of research, but many of the results appear encouraging. Particularly distinguished among the prospectively successful results are those aimed at minimizing the repercussions produced by academic failure. The authors examine the numerous sources of delinquency through a psychological perspective complemented by a legal analysis of the constitutional and statutory support for the amelioration of a conduct disordered child's "handicap."