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The law practice of Louis Brandeis serves as an appropriate vehicle for examining both the history of the legal profession in the United States and the role of lawyers as philanthropists. Brandeis was one of America's most successful and innovative lawyers at the turn of the twentieth century, and serves as a role model for lawyers in his dedication to public service. Brandeis, of course, is best known for his work as a Justice on the United States Supreme Court; however, he is less well known for his work as a lawyer-though he practiced law for 40 years before he was appointed to the Supreme Court and his professional accomplishments were many. In this essay, after a brief description of Brandeis's legal career, presents Brandeis's defense of lawyer advocacy from his MIT Lectures and some qualifications to it that are suggested by his later speeches and law practice.