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Nonbank banks represent the financial institutions' recent attempt to avoid the regulations of the Bank Holding Company Act. The evolution of the nonbank bank illustrates the vitality of financial markets and technological change. While banking regulatory statutes have remained static, the dynamics of technology and electronic banking have allowed financial institutions to transcend the state's traditional borders. When static federal regulations began to choke profits, financial institutions sought alternatives to traditional banking. The financial institutions stretched the fabric of banking regulations to their extreme, and the nonbank bank emerged through a loophole in the Bank Holding Company Act. This article explores the development and impact of nonbank banking.