Title

The brief form of the test of gross motor development-3 for individuals with visual impairments

Department(s)

Natural Science

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1-2021

Keywords

Assessment, Blindness, Fundamental movement skills, Motor competence, Psychometrics

Abstract

Children with visual impairments (VI) tend to struggle with their fundamental motor skills (FMS), and these difficulties often persist across the lifespan, requiring frequent assessment. The Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) shows robust psychometric properties for children with VI. The TGMD, which includes 13 skills, is time-consuming to administer and score, warranting the need to explore brief versions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of three, six-skill versions of the TGMD-3 with children with VI. Children (n = 302; Boys = 58%, Girls = 42%; Mage = 13.00, SD = 2.50 years) with VI (B1 = 27%, B2 = 20%, B3 = 38%, B4 = 15%) participated in this study. We examined three different models using confirmatory factor analyses on the relationships between the motor skills and latent traits across the models. Scores from all three brief versions had acceptable global fit. Although further research should be conducted, practitioners can adopt a brief version of the TGMD to assess children with VI.

Publication Title

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

ISSN

16617827

E-ISSN

16604601

Volume

18

Issue

15

DOI

10.3390/ijerph18157962

PubMed ID

34360265

Share

COinS