The brief form of the test of gross motor development-3 for individuals with visual impairments
Assessment, Blindness, Fundamental movement skills, Motor competence, Psychometrics
Children with visual impairments (VI) tend to struggle with their fundamental motor skills (FMS), and these difficulties often persist across the lifespan, requiring frequent assessment. The Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) shows robust psychometric properties for children with VI. The TGMD, which includes 13 skills, is time-consuming to administer and score, warranting the need to explore brief versions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of three, six-skill versions of the TGMD-3 with children with VI. Children (n = 302; Boys = 58%, Girls = 42%; Mage = 13.00, SD = 2.50 years) with VI (B1 = 27%, B2 = 20%, B3 = 38%, B4 = 15%) participated in this study. We examined three different models using confirmatory factor analyses on the relationships between the motor skills and latent traits across the models. Scores from all three brief versions had acceptable global fit. Although further research should be conducted, practitioners can adopt a brief version of the TGMD to assess children with VI.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Brian, Ali S.; Starrett, Angela; Pennell, Adam; Beach, Pamela Haibach; Miedema, Sally Taunton; Stribing, Alexandra; Gilbert, Emily; Patey, Matthew; and Lieberman, Lauren J., "The brief form of the test of gross motor development-3 for individuals with visual impairments" (2021). Pepperdine University, Faculty Open Access Publications. Paper 219.