Claire Schalin

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In this article, I will define trafficking and dispel some common myths that people believe about trafficking. This section will explain trafficking’s many forms and will demonstrate how trafficking can be a stationary crime rather than one requiring movement. Next, I will give a history of the legislation surrounding trafficking and common approaches to curbing the trafficking problem including arguments on both sides of decriminalization. In this section, I will present a country comparison on how different countries approach traffickers and victims of trafficking in their efforts to reduce trafficking in general. In addition to analyzing how varying countries address the issue, I will discuss how the United States combats trafficking. Here, I will offer ideas about how the United States’ administrative agencies, law enforcement, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) can collaborate to create a victim-centered approach to rehabilitation and reintegration. This type of response will hopefully increase a victim’s willingness to come forward with information regarding his or her situation rather than staying in the shadows due to fear of revictimization by the police. I will study San Diego’s Human Trafficking Task Force and discuss that while there are many approaches to combatting trafficking, a collaborative intrastate and inter-county anti-trafficking movement involving law enforcement, agencies, NGOs, and victims is one of the most effective ways to curb traffickers, increase trust between victims and law enforcement, and improve victim transparency and reporting.