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This article seeks to examine the United States commercial nuclear power plant decommissioning process, a look into a subject that begins at the end of a nuclear plant's life. The subject is often overlooked in favor of the more dominant and controversial issue of when and where a federal spent nuclear fuel repository will be established. But to overlook the American nuclear plant decommissioning process would be a missed opportunity to understand what happens after a nuclear plant permanently ceases power operations-a process that has the potential to last decades and affect the plant's local community through economic and environmental impacts.