Brittany Vannoy


This comment analyzes the new opt-out procedures being pioneered in California jurisdictions, with special emphasis on the City of Los Angeles. It further seeks to report on the effectiveness and repercussions of such procedures. Part II gives a general overview of gang injunctions, introducing more specifically what they are, when they are necessary, to whom and where they apply, how they work, and how they are enforced, primarily looking at procedural guidelines drafted by the Los Angeles City Attorney's Office. Part III addresses the constitutionality of gang injunctions, with a brief discussion of relevant statutes and case law that have colored the development of gang injunctions. Part IV specifically focuses upon the nuances of the opt-out procedures, and takes a specific look at Los Angeles's example, analyzing what the future holds in the wake of these recent developments. Part V concludes this comment.