Title

Understanding orientations to participation: overcoming status differences to foster engagement in global teams

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2021

Keywords

Global teams, participation, social interaction, status difference, virtual teams

Abstract

A key challenge facing global teams lies in overcoming status differences in order to elicit participation and input from all members. This study extends prior research–which has focused largely on individual-level factors such as language, culture, and location that create status differences that fracture teams and reduce participation–by examining members’ underlying orientations to participation, team practices that encourage these, and their impacts on global team effectiveness. We draw on a rich multilevel, mixed-method data set consisting of 45 in-depth interviews and a comprehensive analysis of conference calls from 9 global teams in a multinational integrated mining, minerals processing, and manufacturing organization. We identified three orientations to participation (Help, Learn, and Engage). Team-level analysis revealed team practices that encouraged certain orientations to participation to emerge, in particular relationships across sites and input solicitation. Only the Engage orientation was positively associated with overall global team effectiveness. Implications of these findings are discussed.

Publication Title

European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology

ISSN

1359432X

E-ISSN

14640643

DOI

10.1080/1359432X.2020.1844796

Share

COinS