Title

Clinical implementation of exercise guidelines for cancer patients: Adaptation of ACSM’s guidelines to the Italian model

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-1-2017

Keywords

Aerobic fitness, Cancer, Physical activity, Quality of life, Rehabilitation, Strength training, Survivor

Abstract

The goal of cancer treatment is to arrest or eradicate the tumor while minimizing the often toxic effects of treatment. While oncologic diagnostics and treatments are improving and survival rates are increasing, it is critical to provide additional patient management that appears to affect long-term survival. Epidemiologic evidence suggests patients diagnosed with cancer tend to fair better after treatment when following a comprehensive rehabilitation program aimed at achieving an ideal body weight through dietary and exercise interventions while also increasing cardiorespiratory fitness, strength, mobility, neuromuscular integrity and psycho-social wellbeing. Additionally, it is now being tested whether exercise during cancer treatment and possibly prior to the start of treatment may increase post treatment outcomes by altering body weight, having direct effects on tumorigenesis, reducing oxidative stress and inflammation, and perhaps increasing chemotherapy delivery efficacy. The purpose of this review is to outline an evidence based model to evaluate cancer patients and provide guidelines for post-cancer treatment rehabilitation programs. Additionally, strategies aimed at changing lifestyle habits such as smoking and poor dietary habits will be addressed.

Publication Title

Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology

E-ISSN

24115142

Volume

2

Issue

1

DOI

10.3390/jfmk2010004

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