Nina Grayson


Clinical supervision is pivotal to the assurance of client welfare and in the development of clinical competency in the supervisee. In the process of guiding the professional and clinical development of supervisees, the supervisor monitors the provision of ethical and appropriate psychological care in order to promote the most successful clinical outcome for the client (Falender & Shafrankske, 2004). However, there may be events or experiences that can lead to negative outcomes. Any event or experience that hinders the supervisee's exercise and development of clinical competence, potentially endangers the welfare of the client, and contributes to a poor experience of supervision is thought to be counterproductive (Ladany et al., 1999). A Q-sort methodology was used in this study to examine the beliefs, opinions, and viewpoints of fifteen doctoral students regarding the impact of 50 counterproductive experiences (CEs) gathered from theoretical and empirical literature in supervision practices. While some variability existed among participants, CEs from all categories of counterproductive events were found to have a moderate to significant major effect on supervision. In particular, items related to the supervisor's empathic and respectful treatment of supervisees were opined to have a significant impact on the process of supervision as well as experiences concerning the supervisor's lack of cultural sensitivity. The findings of this study have contributed to the development of a preliminary scale of counterproductive experiences in supervision.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Dissertations (PsyD) -- Psychology; Clinical psychologists -- Supervision of; Doctoral students -- Attitudes; Supervisors

Date of Award


School Affiliation

Graduate School of Education and Psychology



Degree Type


Degree Name


Faculty Advisor

Shafranske, Edward;