This study examines the preparation process for students in professional programs and highlights strategies and practices for pre-medical education. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted elements of the healthcare system that explore how critical physicians are that can lead with both a global perspective and with compassionate patient care. In order to understand the competencies required for this leadership process, it is critical to consider the medical school lifecycle from the undergraduate education to residency. Working from the admissions process, we consider what competencies are required for medical school success and physician preparedness and we use that to shape a solid pre-medical education. The candidate review process that generally includes academic metrics of grade point average and MCAT score, is extended to include noncognitive factors like empathy, ethical responsibility, resilience, grit and motivation. From providing early exposure to identifying commonalities among successful medical students, it is important to align current curriculum modifications with the future physician needs. Additionally, success among medical students that completed a postbaccalaureate program or engage in premedical programs increase likelihood of success among students that otherwise would not have successfully matriculated based on research on predictive validity. As we consider preparing the next generation of healthcare professionals, it is critical to examine the competencies necessary for medical school preparedness and preparation for leading and practicing medicine in a connected world.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Premedical education; Medical students; Success

Date of Award


School Affiliation

Graduate School of Education and Psychology



Degree Type


Degree Name


Faculty Advisor

Farzin Madjidi