During World War II and after the attacks on Pearl Harbor, the United States confined 120,000Japanese Americans in internment camps. The current study examined the incarceration of Japanese American citizens and its effect on parenting across generations. Specifically, the study examined parent-child relationships and the possible emergence of the relationship-directed parenting orientation across generations within this specific population. In order to examine the research objectives, the proposed qualitative research study utilized archived interview data. The interviews were conducted with participants of Japanese American descent who were incarcerated in camps during World War II and/or their family members. A hermeneutic phenomenological approach was utilized to analyze the lived experiences of Japanese Americans. Conclusively, it was found that the overarching essence of the internment experience involved intergenerational transmission of trauma due to incarceration in internment camps for Japanese Americans.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Japanese Americans -- Forced removal and internment, 1942-1945; Parent and child -- Japanese Americans -- Psychological aspects; Psychic trauma -- Japanese Americans

Date of Award


School Affiliation

Graduate School of Education and Psychology



Degree Type


Degree Name


Faculty Advisor

Amy Tuttle