Melissa Lor

Document Type



This paper will assess whether or not consensus building and citizens advisory boards adequately address the issues of procedural fairness regarding public participation in environmental disputes. Part II describes the preceding methods leading up to the development of consensus building and citizens advisory boards in dealing with public involvement. In particular, it discusses the review-and-comment and regulatory negotiation models to environmental public disputes. Part III describes the consensus building process, particularly the use of citizens advisory boards, and evaluates the effectiveness of consensus building and citizens advisory boards in addressing fairness of public participation. In addition, it discusses the use of site-specific advisory boards, which are characteristic of citizens advisory boards. Part IV raises limitations that hinder complete fairness in consensual approaches to environmental public disputes. Finally, Part V concludes the paper with possible solutions to deal with challenges to complete fairness in the environmental decision-making process.