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Document Type

Social Sciences

Abstract

This study investigated the implications of attachment orientations and personality dimensions for accuracy in detecting deception from emotionally-based statements. Thirty individuals (M age = 25.33, range = 18-52) completed a survey that included the Personality Inventory for DSM-V-Brief Form and the Relationship Styles Questionnaire to measure the individual differences in question. To measure deceit, 7 mental health counselors volunteered to participate in a video-recorded mock interview concerning their current romantic partner—3 individuals provided false responses, and the remaining 4 offered true answers. The audio-visual vignettes were imbedded in the survey and subjects viewed each, then responded a question asking if they believe the interviewee was lying. Pearson’s correlation found significant relationships for attachment orientations; the anxiety dimension positively correlated with accuracy (p < .01), whereas the inverse was evidenced for secure attachment (p < .05). For personality dimensions, accuracy was directionally, though nonsignificantly, related to detachment and negative affect with the inverse nonsignificantly evident for disinhibition and antagonism. Failure to provide statistically recognized evidence on this measure validates the efforts of previous researchers and could be due to the comorbidity of attachment and personality yielding a counter-balance effect. This study supports previous findings regarding attachment anxiety, and provides a focus on the less commonly studied implications of secure attachment. The emotionality component of this study, as it relates to healthy psychological and interpersonal development, suggests further research with targeted populations need be conducted to understand the realm of implications.